Wootton presents the conceptual shift that gave birth to our life today in a book that is ambitious and impressive in its sweep. Nearly a third of Power, Pleasure and Profit’s 400 pages consist of scholarly notes and appendices. Yet Wootton’s vividly written narrative never loses momentum. Few academic books tell such a gripping story of how ideas can change the world. Yet it is a story that leaves out an enormous amount, and the view of “the Enlightenment paradigm” that Wootton presents is both parochial and anachronistic... For all these caveats, Wootton’s Enlightenment paradigm is extraordinarily narrow... Marxism surfaces near the end of the book, but as one item in a long list of highly disparate movements... Enlightenment thinking has continued in a variety of forms that Wootton’s narrow paradigm would exclude... There was a good deal of conceptual change in early modern times, but it was far from being the all-encompassing shift that Wootton postulates.