He sees the world as God’s sacred creation. Whereas ancient peoples respected nature, the capitalist tradition consistently treats nature as a source of plunder. No shame is expressed for massive ecological destruction, let alone for the harm done to the lives and health of the surrounding peoples. Francis’s stand predictably earned him contempt on the part of many very rich and “pious” Catholics, especially in the USA. Ivereigh’s account of the Vatican Bank resembles the scenario for a Martin Scorsese movie, though happily with rather fewer murders. So abysmal was the level of corruption in the bank that even the indulgent Italian financial authorities withdrew their co-operation. Francis, typically, set about the bank’s reform with relentless and effective measures.